05 AUG 2013
A number of constituents have contacted me about the consultation for the proposed CrossRail2 proposal. I have posted the submission made in support of the regional plan for CrossRail 2 which is a cross party borough wide submission here in text form only.
Mayor of London
The Queen's Walk
Councillor Doug Taylor
Leader of the Council
Please reply to
020 8379 4116
My Ref :
1st August July 2013
Crossrail 2 Public Consultation – Response from the London Borough of
Thank you for the opportunity to comment on the options for Crossrail 2.
It is well known that London is facing significant challenges over the coming
decades in terms of projected growth in population, housing and employment.
The Government recognises these challenges and a need for a long term
strategy to support this growth. The Council therefore welcomes the opportunity
to submit its views on Crossrail 2 and on potential route options.
London's population is growing at a far quicker rate than previously thought and
at a much faster pace than anywhere else within the UK. By 2020, London will
have a predicted population of around 8 million people, rising to 9 million by
2030. This scale of growth cannot be accommodated on the existing transport
network, even with the delivery of Crossrail and other planned improvements
and upgrades to existing railway lines and the Underground. Therefore, doing
nothing is not an option, the Council and local constituency MPs support
Crossrail 2 as it will add vital capacity to the public transport network, relieve
pressure on existing lines and support growth and regeneration along key
In terms of the proposed options (Regional and Metro), we favour the Regional
Option. Transport for London's own assessments show that it is clearly the
stronger of the two as it delivers the most benefits, offering better value for
money, more capacity, better connectivity and the greatest crowding relief
across the network. The Regional Route overall offers the greatest economic
benefit for people and businesses in London and neighbouring regions through
better and more direct access to employment/work force, homes and key
. The Upper Lee Valley
The Upper Lea Valley area has been recognised as an area for significant
growth and opportunity and the recently published Opportunity Area Planning
framework (OAPF) provides a spatial framework for delivering an additional
10,300 jobs and 16,200 homes to the area. London First's report Crossrail 2:
Supporting London's Growth (May 2012) recognises the area alone as having
the potential to deliver some 13% of London's estimated housing need and 8%
of projected employment growth. A report by Oxford Economics on behalf of
Enfield Council has estimated that this scale of growth and appropriate
investment could deliver cumulative gross added value (GVA) of around £10
billion by 2031. It is crucial therefore, that the Regional Option must include a
branch and serve key stations along the Upper Lee Valley and beyond as a
core component to supporting planned development along this corridor.
The opportunity area is one of the biggest in London with the largest
concentration of growth expected in Central Leeside (Meridian Water – some
5000 new homes and 3000 new jobs alone) and Tottenham for both homes
and jobs. It is crucial therefore, that the transport network and in particular
public transport can fully support the projected growth along this corridor.
The Upper Lee Valley Transport Study (2012) estimates that this level of
growth will generate an increase of over 20% in peak period trips to, from and
within the valley. With much of the existing transport network currently
operating at or near capacity, this additional demand will place severe pressure
on the network, and will increase current levels of road congestion and public
transport crowding, unless network enhancements are made. The current two
track Lee Valley mainline is already at capacity, with local services having to
compete with the Stansted Express and longer distance services. Four tracking
of the mainline must be a priority for delivery in Control Period 6 to improve
both local and regional, and to support planned growth in the Upper Lee Valley.
Crossrail 2 will not only help to support the planned growth for this area, it
would also provide further opportunities for greater regeneration potential than
enhancing existing rail links in the area could otherwise provide. London First
believes that "a Crossrail 2 link could help the regeneration in these areas in
the same way that the extension of the Tube in north-west drove London's
expansion in the 1930s and the extension of the Jubilee line eastwards spurred
regeneration of the Docklands and east London from the 1980s".
Research into the Planning and Development of Crossrail 2 was carried out for
TfL in the early part of 2013 and draft conclusions indicate that accessibility and
capacity would be "substantially improved" as a result of Crossrail 2 at many
nodes along the Upper Lee Valley. The east of the borough suffers from some
of the highest levels of deprivation in the country and is highly diverse. For
example around 60% of the people in the eastern wards are of BME origin and
deprivation is in the top 5-10% in England. Crossrail 2 would substantially help
to eradicate some of the problems associated with deprivation, particularly by
significantly increasing access to a wide range of employment opportunities.
The following sections highlight the areas in Enfield which will benefit
significantly from being directly served by Crossrail 2. The Council would like
to see their respective stations being included in the safeguarding for the
Regional Option as we believe there is an undeniable business case to support
. Meridian Water (Angel Road)
The Meridian Water area in Enfield has the potential to deliver significantly
higher housing growth than is forecast in the current London Plan. Currently,
the potential for 5000 new homes and 3000 new jobs as part of the new
Meridian Water development has been identified. However, this level of growth
is dependent on the provision of a regular, reliable 4 train per hour (at least)
service between Angel Road, Tottenham Hale and Stratford.
For the few trains that currently stop at Angel Road, journey times to various
destinations are summarised below:
• Stratford – 16 minutes
• Liverpool Street – 26 minutes
• Euston (change at Tottenham Hale) – 35 minutes
• Victoria (change at Tottenham Hale) – 42 minutes
The Regional scheme could provide 10 additional trains per hour and a "turn up
and go" service to the West End in addition to the 4 trains per hour as above.
Journey times for Crossrail 2 are estimated to be:
• Stratford – 16 minutes (no change)
• Liverpool Street – 22 minutes (15.38% reduction)
• Euston (direct service) – 17 minutes (51.43% reduction)
• Victoria (direct service) – 23 minutes (45.24% reduction)
The growth in the OAPF will not be fully delivered by 2033 so there is scope to
increase the number of homes and jobs through higher density development
and also further land release post implementation of Crossrail 2. Furthermore,
the Regional Scheme and confirmation that it will stop at Meridian Water will
help to encourage market investment.
Job growth will be supported further by enhanced rail services as this will
increase access to a much wider work force, enable sustainable travel to work
for employees and enhance connectivity for businesses wishing to locate in the
area with easy reach of Central London and both Stansted and Heathrow.
The potential housing supply for the Meridian Water area with the Regional
Scheme would also increase significantly beyond that already identified with
the currently funded transport improvements. It will also help to attract potential
residents to the area due to the opportunities the Regional Scheme would bring
in terms of accessibility to central London and beyond.
The Regional Scheme would also provide existing and future businesses with
greater accessibility to the rest of the UK and Europe due a direct link to other
rail services, including Eurostar and the proposed High Speed 2.
. Ponders End
Another area recognised as a key area for development in the OAPF is
Ponders End. It is also one of the few points where it is possible to access the
Lee Valley Regional Park and waterfront. Under current plans, it is planned to
deliver between 1150 and 1400 new homes, a greater commercial
concentration around Ponders End Station and improved access to the Lee
Valley Regional Park.
The land adjacent to the Lee Valley Regional Park waterside is also set to be
redeveloped into a new mixed-use employment community to help reconnect
Ponders End with its waterfront and improve access to and through the
regional park for the Lee Valley as a whole. New and improved footpaths and
cycle paths within the park will connect to the wider network of walking and
cycle routes, linking the park with the River Lee Country Park to the north,
Tottenham Marshes and the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park to the south.
Currently, Ponders End has 2 trains per hour to Liverpool Street and it is
possible to travel (via the Victoria Line) to King's Cross (33 minutes) and
Victoria (42 minutes). However, with the Regional Scheme, Ponders End could
be served by 10 trains per hour to Tottenham Hale, Euston/St. Pancras and the
West End. The Planning and Development for Crossrail 2 research indicates
that example journey times could be:
• Tottenham Hale – 7 minutes
• Euston/ St. Pancras – 20 minutes
• Victoria – 26.5 minutes
The research concluded that there are "substantial opportunities" to increase
development aspirations across the Ponders End area if the Regional Scheme
is implemented and it will also help to support existing development proposals.
In particular, TfL has carried out initial research which indicates that the
Regional Scheme would provide residents in Ponders End with access to 5
times more jobs within 45 minutes than would otherwise be the case. This
increase is more than any other station studied by TfL by a substantial margin.
The Regional Scheme would also substantially improve access to the
Brimsdown Industrial Area, the 2nd largest industrial estate in London.
Covering an area of some 350 acres, it is currently home to a mix of around
230 businesses (mainly logistics and manufacturing) employing in excess of
8000 people. Accessibility is currently an issue with shift workers who are
unable to get to the site by public transport. However, this would be addressed
through the implementation of Regional Scheme and it will also support the
area's important strategic function as well as allowing for further expansion and
investments and further jobs.
TfL modelling to 2031 and beyond has substantially underestimated the
number of jobs in the Upper Lee Valley because, and despite the historical
decline in the manufacturing sector, there has already been an off trend
increase due to recent relocations from the Lower Lea Valley. There is potential
for considerably more consolidation and expansion under existing plans. The
Regional Scheme would help support further growth in this key employment
area and make the resulting jobs more accessible.
. Enfield Lock
Enfield Lock lies in the northern part of the Upper Lee Valley Opportunity Area,
serving a substantial residential area as well as Innova Park and the growing
number of major businesses locating in North East Enfield. The Regional
Scheme provides the opportunity to dramatically improve the area's
accessibility and connectivity, with the potential for an additional 10 trains per
hour and a 30% reduction in journey times into central London (Victoria). The
Regional Scheme will therefore help realise existing development potential in
the area and stimulate significantly higher levels of housing and employment
growth in the future. In addition, as with Ponders End, the Regional Scheme
will substantially increase the number of employment opportunities accessible
to the local community and help tackle significant pockets of deprivation.
The level crossing in Ordnance Road is already a significant barrier to local
movement and the higher train frequency that would follow the four tracking of
the main line will effectively require its closure. It is therefore essential that
Network Rail and TfL work with the Council and the local community to fully
consider options for maintaining local access.
. Victoria Line
With the forecast increase in population and employment in London it is clear
that the Victoria Line will become seriously congested in the future despite
recent upgrades increasing capacity by 21%. Other lines also face similar
challenges and a longer term solution must be sought. Only the Regional
Scheme delivers the required congestion relief.
Although the Victoria Line does not directly serve the borough, many residents
access the line at Tottenham Hale and Seven Sisters. The most recent
Census statistics (2011) indicate that, despite the lack of direct access, the
tube represents the 4th most popular mode of (main) transport to work for
residents in the east of the borough1. However, as noted above, at least a 20%
increase in peak period trips is expected within the Upper Lee Valley between
2007 and 2031 on the back of a 24% increase in population and 20% in
employment. Without the Regional Scheme, a large proportion of this will be
transferred on to the Victoria Line and further development opportunities will be
seriously hindered by a lack of transport infrastructure to support it.
. Stansted Airport
Stansted Airport is the fourth largest airport in the UK and currently serves
around 17.5 million passengers a year (mppa). However, with approval to
serve 35 mppa, it is the only London airport with the space and permission to
expand, therefore highlighting its strategic importance for the future of London's
aviation market. The airport also has the highest proportion of passengers
(50%) using public transport to access it when compared to others in the
country, and this is planned to increase further. However, the current capacity
constraints on the West Anglia Line severely limit options to improve rail links
with Central London. The Regional Scheme could provide the opportunity to
serve Stansted and this needs to be investigated further following publication of
the Davis Commission report. Whilst supporting better rail services to
Stansted, it is important that this is not achieved at the expense of the Regional
Scheme stopping at stations in Enfield.
In conclusion, the Council and local MPs strongly support Crossrail 2 as it will
deliver much needed capacity to the existing public transport network and
support regeneration and growth by improving connectivity and accessibility.
In particular, we support the Regional Scheme because it offers far greater
capacity, connectivity and more regeneration benefits to London as a whole
compared to the Metro Option. It also will provide greater crowding relief on the
existing public transport network and in particular the Victoria Line.
Early indications show how invaluable the Regional Option will be in terms of
generating substantial benefits for the economy. However, for these benefits to
be maximised, it is crucial that Crossrail 2 directly serves stations and areas
1 Enfield Highway, Enfield Lock, Ponders End and Edmonton Green wards
where there is the greatest potential for future development, including Meridian
Water, Ponders End, Brimsdown, Enfield Lock and other growth points in the
wider Upper Lee Valley.
Four tracking of the Lee Valley Mainline remains a crucial requirement if rail
services are to improve and meet current projected increased demands in this
area. It is also a pre-requisite for Crossrail 2 and therefore remains a priority
for delivery as soon as possible. However, the implications of associated level
crossing closures need to be fully understood and measures identified to
maintain local accessibility.
The Regional Scheme has the flexibility to serve Stansted airport and further
investigation of this option is required following publication of the Davis
Commission report. However, whilst we support better rail services to
Stansted, it is important that this is not achieved at the expense of the Regional
Option stopping at stations in Enfield.
There is recognition that we are at the beginning of a very long process and
there is a great deal more to be done before the plans for Crossrail 2 are
finalised. We look forward to working closely with you and other key
stakeholders in developing the business case for a Regional Scheme that will
help transform eastern Enfield and the rest of the Upper Lee Valley.
Leader of the Council Enfield North
Nick De Bois MP
Andy Love MP
David Burrowes MP
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